Another type of "no-lye" relaxer uses ammonium thioglycolate, which is also known as perm salt for its use in permanent waves. E . It’s available at Walmart for only $16.99. His hair straighten cream was found accidentally when trying to find a solution to ease friction of sewing machine in his tailor shop. Hair care: THIOGLYCOLATE HAIR RELAXER Print Share. The relaxer cream breaks down the chemical bonds of the hair shaft, disrupting the elliptical shape and reconstructing the bonds in a different way. MDL number MFCD00137451. Lastly, in most relaxers sold for home use, the active agents are ammonium sulfite and ammonium bisulfite (the two compounds are interchangeable, depending on the surrounding pH). The hair can be significantly weakened by the physical overlap of excessive applications or by a single excessive one, leading to brittleness, breakage, or even widespread alopecia. "No base" creams have a lower concentration of lye and may be applied directly to the hair roots without requiring the protective "base" layer, although these weaker products may still irritate the skin of some people who must therefore coat their scalps beforehand anyway. Manufacturers vary the sodium hydroxide content of the solution from 5% to 10% and the pH between 10 and 14. One thing we should say, however, is that these relaxers can cause dry hair. Although ammonium thioglycolate (thio type relaxer often called a softener, rearranger, or breakdown cream) is less drastic in its action than sodium hydroxide, it softens and relaxes overly curly hair in somewhat the same manner. Although it might be a pain to have to get your hair relaxed every time your hair grows, it’s not as bad (or damaging) as straightening it everyday. Entirely distinct from the chemical concept of base as a wider definition for "alkaline", lye relaxers may be labelled as "base" or "no base". Fortunately, you can use a deep condition mask to restore the hydration in your hair. The active agent is usually a strong alkali, although some formulations are based on ammonium thioglycolate instead.’ [1] This chemical is much less damaging to the scalp and hair than others and is also much less smelly. The only way to fix this problem is to grow the hair out and cut off the damaged portion. Hair relaxing products often require washing and combing with soap which had been made with excess lye. A lye relaxer consists of sodium hydroxide (also known as NaOH or lye) mixed with water, petroleum jelly, mineral oil, and emulsifiers to create a creamy consistency. Choose the right type of relaxer There are three types of relaxers; sodium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide and ammonium thioglycolate. This way, you can avoid any mistakes, including the possibility of permanently damaging your hair. A solution containing ammonium thioglycolate contains a lot of free ammonia, which swells hair, rendering it permeable. Alkaline straighteners are said to smell better, work more quickly and last longer than perm treatments using ammonium thioglycolate and similar chemicals (Radisson 2010). Morgan Hair Refining Company and began selling his product to Black/mixed people. The Hazard fields include special hazard alerts air and water reactions, fire hazards, health hazards, a reactivity profile, and details about reactive groups assignments and potentially incompatible absorbents.The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources. It’s easy to apply and it’s perfect for getting rid of frizz. Being the salt of a weak acid and weak base, ammonium thioglycolate exists in solution as an equilibrium mixture of the salt itself as well as thioglycolic acid and ammonia: [1] "No-lye" relaxers have become increasingly popular. The primary agent, ammonium thioglycolate (ATG)is also used in permanent waving. One type operates on the same general principle as lye relaxers but uses a slightly weaker alkaline agent, such as potassium hydroxide, lithium hydroxide, or guanidine hydroxide. Search term: "ammonium thioglycolate" Compare Products: Select up to 4 products. The following are listed in the Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association Specification for ammonium thioglycolate: thioglycolic acid (between 50% and 60%), sulfated ash (0.05% max), arsenic (3ppm max), copper (1 ppm max), iron (1ppm max), and lead (20 ppm max). Textured hair with an ammonium thioglycolate, which swells hair, leaving relaxers for... Moderate form of a good thing cause long-term damage that may not.... Products contain sodium hydroxide, guanidine hydroxide and ammonium thioglycolate contains a blend of keratin, cinchona marshmallow. 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