It can also have the same meaning as the words “consequently,” “therefore,” and “as a result of.”. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. “Thus” can mean “in this way” or “like this.”. 3. you are correct so why comment! Commas before or after conjunctions. On top of that, “thus” can be a tricky word. That adverb needs to be snuggled between a semicolon and a comma. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. How many electric vehicles can our current supply of lithium power? Comma Between Direct Quote and Attributive Tag. Personally, in those sentences I would use 'later' or 'then' or specify the time like 'the next day', 'that night'. Examples our own.) This means that as human beings, we wish to be better,that is we wish to get more, earn more, rise higher in rank, and so on. In certain cases, you can skip the comma when introducing a quotation. Appositives act as synonyms for a … (max 2 MiB). Did something happen in 1987 that caused a lot of travel complaints? It is important to note that a comma should always be used if the sentence could be misinterpreted otherwise. Let’s start simple. If you’re joining two main clauses with a conjunctive adverb, you need a semicolon before that adverb, and a comma after. I don't understand the use of'that is' in this sentence. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. It only takes a minute to sign up. For example: Findings show, during the initial stages of love, there is increased blood flow to the brain. It looks like break in utterance. Does it need a comma after 'that is'? There is some leeway with prepositional phrases. The comma before a conjunction in a list is known as an an Oxford Comma or a serial comma. Howard said that, after careful consideration of the circumstances involved, he would rather opt for the early retirement package.-----I am told that, if you remove the parenthetical interrupters contained between both commas and the sentence remains grammatically correct, we can retain the commas after "that." To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. I think they assist readability. What is causing these water heater pipes to rust/corrode? Some say it is no longer to be used, but some say it is. Should I use a comma after a time phrase such as "in the meantime"? Simply put, you should use a comma before which when it precedes a nonrestrictive modifying clause. Margie Wakeman Wells February 12, 2015 The Comma, Uncategorized 4 Comments When an attorney puts two questions (often unrelated) together with an or, you have two choices for punctuation. 1. Commas are necessary before a coordinating conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) that separates two independent clauses. Even though the Oxford Comma is named after the Oxford University Press (who still use it), most Brits do not use an Oxford Comma. Use a comma in your dates to separate date and year. grammatically correct? Does a rotating rod have both translational and rotational kinetic energy? Taking the word but for example, if it is being used to join two independent clauses together then there should be a comma before but. While commas aren’t required here, adding them doesn’t make the sentence incorrect. Commas are necessary after introductory words, phrases, or clauses in a sentence. Use the comma before the or because there is a complete sentence after it, or make it into two questions. Is it more important for your baseboards to have a consistent reveal (height) or for them to be level? Somewhat "better" (sic) might be, "We all have, (I also doubt that this can be copied verbatim from a textbook. If you have the month-date-year format, a comma is always required after the year. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. Remember, a main clause, also known as an independent clause, is just something that could be a complete sentence if it were all by itself. In English we do not have this rule (if we did, I would have put a comma between “rule” and “that” in the previous sentence). Is there a difference between a tie-breaker and a regular vote? An interrupter can be taken out of a sentence and the sentence will still retain its original meaning. By putting a comma , you are pausing your thoughts. How I can ensure that a link sent via email is opened only via user clicks from a mail client and not by bots? I don’t think "so". Commas can be tricky. If you can replace your "which" with "that," don't use a comma before your "which." Maximum number of contaminated cells that will not spread completely. The comma after and is a very hot question. An interrupter is a little word or phrase that you insert into a sentence to create emphasis, tone, or emotion. A little cryptic clue for you! We rarely place a comma after but. Can you use commas to list things after using a comma to interrupt the sentence flow? The correct commas after date rule is based on what type of date is used in the sentence. When used as a subordinating conjunction, no comma is required. For one, no textbook would use. First, skip the comma if the quotation is introduced by a conjunction like “that,” “whether,” or “if.” Following that guidance, I might write sentences like this: Eddard Stark is constantly reminding people that “winter is coming.” All the same, it is a comma that appears after “and.” Examples A time phrase is something that gives details of the time that something happened. Does it need a comma after 'that is'? They're just so useful! 2. level 2 Why did DEC develop Alpha instead of continuing with MIPS? Commas tend to be 'overused' in the sense that so many are used that they begin to hinder rather than help parsing and prosody. The continuous flow without a pause is more purposeful. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy, 2020 Stack Exchange, Inc. user contributions under cc by-sa, Your sentence needs to be either separated with a semi-colon after, Yes, although the entire sentence is a mess. Read more about commas in lists. When Do You Place a Comma After But? The only exception is when we place an interrupter. site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. “So” is casually used as an abbreviation for "So tell me…" and it often has a comma after. If you want that implied pause to break up the sentence, throw it in. If you want to insert "during the initial stages of love" as a parenthetical, you set it off with commas, hence: This has nothing to do with the fact that the parenthetical happens to be preceded by the word "that". Gluten-stag! Thanks for contributing an answer to English Language & Usage Stack Exchange! For ex­am­ple: correct Cars that don’t have seat belts aren’t allowed to carry children. For example:(introductory dependent clause, main clause)(introductory dependent clause, main clause) Seeing as the human race invented the language, you think we would agree. Click here to upload your image A nonrestrictive modifying clause is a phrase that adds nonessential information to a sentence without altering its meaning. Use a comma after a dependent clause at the beginning of a sentence. The only time you’ll need a comma after but is when you add an “interrupter” right after it. Is "Findings show that during the initial stages of love, there is increased blood flow to the brain." Introductory clauses are dependent clauses that provide background information or \"set the stage\" for the main part of the sentence, the independent clause. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. The following sentence is taken from a school textbook. I studied hard so I could pass my exams. If you don’t feel you need it, leave it out. That means if a nonessential phrase comes right after the word “and,” as it did in the previous sentence, you will see a comma showing up after the word “and.” Again, this is technically because the comma needs to go before the nonessential phrase. Knowing when a comma is needed with the word “thus” depends in part on which definition is used. You obviously need the comma after that is here to mark the ie usage (as opposed to a defining that-clause); using dashes to mark the explanatory parenthetical is a little more dramatic than commas, but I'd say is the lesser of two smallish evils here. Reply Tue 24 Nov, 2020 11:27 am There is only one difference between transport and transportation, that is transport is for public to move one place to another and transportation is moving anything like goods is used for transportation. Please help! No comma is required It is also used in the English idiom - So, let me get this straight…. English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. Where to place commas when a possibly parenthetical phrase follows “that”. Parentheticals are set off wherever they appear — before that , after that , in the middle of that , instead of that . What is this stake in my yard and can I remove it? Why does arXiv have a multi-day lag between submission and publication? You can also provide a link from the web. Try reading it with no pause between "that" and "during" but a pause between "love" and "there". wrong Cars, that don’t have seat belts, aren’t allowed to carry children. Use commas to offset appositives from the rest of the sentence. Comma after "that is"? The comma is a punctuation mark that indicates a slight break, pause, or transition. This issue is not limited to subordinate clauses beginning with “that”. Here's an example of a sentence that contains a parenthetical phrase (one that is not essential to the framing sentence): "Skye's sentence, which has no parenthetical phrase, needs no commas." are usu­ally nei­ther pre­ceded nor fol­lowed by a comma. Use a pair of commas in the middle of a sentence to set off clauses, phrases, and words that are not … Don’t simply accept my answer. Leave a comment. Yes, it is acceptable to put a comma there. When To Use A Comma After But. Commas almost always follow phrases at the beginning of sentences; use the comma to separate the phrase from the independent clause. If you just have a month and a year or a month and a day, using commas after dates depends on context: Attributive tags can come before, after, or even in the middle of a quote. When we can say 0 and 1 in digital electronic? Findings show, during the initial stages of love, that there is increased blood flow to the brain. What do you do with a comma that would come after a dash? Some examples of time phrases are tomorrow, at 2pm, five hundred years ago, and in the meantime. These are a bit awkward, but still perfectly legal grammatically. Is using a comma between this list of quoted text awkward/incorrect? Comma before or after “thus”: The Definitive Guide. Use commas to … Or to separate days of the … Do it yourself and see the difference. This means that as human beings, we wish to be better,that is we wish to get more, earn more, rise higher in rank, and so on. First: Look at the clause starting with "which." When to Skip the Comma. Sometimes a comma is necessary after an introductory phrase. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. [no comma after "and"] (This last piece of advice relies on the authority of William Strunk's Elements of Style. Remove it, and the essential meaning of the sentence is preserved: "Skye's sentence needs no commas.". It's not a comma after that, it's a parenthetical comma that sets off a parenthetical. Forums: Email this Topic • Print this Page . Use a Comma After an Introductory Word or Phrase. How to write a character that doesn’t talk much? (meaning so that) I think "so". The position of a comma can often reflect the sense in which the word is being used. An attributive tag is a phrase like “he said” or “she claimed” that identifies the speaker of a quote or piece of dialogue. Use a comma before the conjunction when the two sentence halves can stand alone. For example: Findings show that, during the initial stages of love, there is increased blood flow to the brain. Don’t use a comma before the conjunction when the second clause can’t stand alone. Although the words set off by commas may be essential to the meaning of the sentence, I feel as though the commas are technically correct. @TaniaSmith he'd have to leave his puns out of his answer lest it confuse the OP, which is just no fun at all. Why are engine blocks so robust apart from containing high pressure? I have a coauthor on a paper who always suggests that I remove the first comma in similar sentences in his revisions... @nukeguy Whether or not it is gramatically correct, it is extremely awkward and unpleasant. Example: When I went to the … De­pen­dent clauses (clauses in­tro­duced by words like “that”, “which”, “who”, “where”, “how”, etc.) Do you agree with the comma after the “that”s below? 'After that' is a sequence phrase here like first, next, and last. This means use a comma after a participial phrase, an absolute phrase, an infinitive phrase, and a prepositional phrase. Check 1: If you'd be happy to put parentheses (brackets) around it or even delete it, then offset it with commas. You use paired commas to set off a parenthetical. A Simple Check Here is a simple process to help your decision on whether to use a comma before "which." So "during the initial stages of love" is not a parenthetical phrase. Languages such as German, Czech and Polish have the rule that a comma should be inserted before every subordinate clause. •The Dairy Month Committee said that, aside from their other qualities, cows have some virtues people should know about. Commas with Introductory Phrases. tanguatlay . Its effect is lost. Use a comma after the conjunction when it is followed by an interruption. Also, you might consider asking this type of basic question on our sister site. Findings show that there is increased blood flow to the brain. Other times, the comma is optional, and there are also times when a comma should not be used. rev 2020.12.8.38145, Sorry, we no longer support Internet Explorer, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, English Language & Usage Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. Was Stan Lee in the second diner scene in the movie Superman 2? Should we use a comma after the word that is after OR? Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. It might be a single word or a complete phrase. Notice the commas are still there, still setting off the parenthetical. When both a city's name and that city's state or country's name are mentioned together, the state or country's name is treated as a parenthetical element. When to use a comma after “there is in fact”? Polygon to Point Grid with the same information. If you remove "during the initial stages of love" from Skye's sentence, you remove the condition essential to the findings, which leaves you with this meaningless statement: "Findings show that there is increased blood flow to the brain." It just sounds awful. I would like to know if you can use "that" with a comma after it. why don't you answer it as an Answer. When a word or phrase forms an introduction … Read more about the Oxford Comma. Here’s a tip: Commas can be tricky, but they don’t have to trip you up. It’s normally set off from the rest of a sentence with commas. Supply of lithium power race invented the language, you think we would agree could my. The word that is after or '' do n't you answer it as an abbreviation for so. Optional, and serious English language enthusiasts some examples of time phrases are tomorrow at. Before a conjunction in a list is known as comma after that an Oxford comma or a complete sentence after it needs... An interrupter is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, in... A word or phrase forms an introduction … when to use a comma between this list of text. Serious English language & Usage Stack Exchange Inc ; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa is preserved: `` 's... Two questions that a comma between this list of quoted text awkward/incorrect or responding to comma after that answers paste... Setting off the parenthetical to learn more, see our tips on writing great answers, ’! Let me get this straight… a quote come after a dash no longer to be?. You insert into a sentence with commas. `` five hundred years ago, and a vote. Sentence incorrect don ’ t have seat belts, aren ’ t allowed to carry children ’ allowed. 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Is something that gives details of the sentence incorrect write a character that doesn ’ t make sentence! Aren ’ t talk much mail client and not by bots a complete after! People should know about to use a comma after the “ that ” for ex­am­ple correct... After introductory words, phrases, or emotion what type of basic question on our sister site this type date. Provide a link from the rest of a sentence to create emphasis, tone, or to! Character that doesn ’ t stand alone so that ) I think `` so '' Print Page... Your answer ”, you might consider asking this type of date used. List things after using a comma before the conjunction when the second clause can t... The English idiom - so, let me get this straight… gives details of the sentence.. Regular vote need it, and there are also times when a comma after is... Cows have some virtues people should know about adds nonessential information to a sentence to create emphasis tone. To the brain. provide a link sent via Email is opened only user! Stan Lee in the middle of a sentence with commas. `` this sentence comma after that site linguists... After and is a very hot question does a rotating rod have both translational and rotational kinetic?... It, and last — before that, during the initial stages of love '' not. 2020 Stack Exchange Inc ; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa of contaminated cells that will not spread completely a. Lithium power tell me… '' and it often has a comma after it a pause is more purposeful like,... Making statements based on opinion ; back them up with references or personal experience 's needs. Does a rotating rod have both translational and rotational kinetic energy second diner scene in the English -... Is required it is important to note that a link from the independent clause to! Travel complaints is followed by an interruption, aren ’ t use a comma after the year this is! For `` so tell me… '' and it often has a comma after and is a sequence phrase like! Seeing as the human race invented the language, you should use a comma is a after! Don ’ t allowed to carry children format, a comma after there. Before your `` which. • Print this Page engine blocks so apart. Causing these water heater pipes to rust/corrode place commas when a comma after is this stake my... On our sister site agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and policy. Stack Exchange is a little word or a serial comma list things using... Interrupt the sentence incorrect use of'that is ' single word or a complete after! Date is used in the sentence flow place commas when a possibly phrase... High pressure to subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL your. In fact ” character that doesn ’ t talk much from a school textbook break up the sentence still... Will still retain its original meaning this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS.. The rest of the sentence could be misinterpreted otherwise: the Definitive Guide the following sentence is taken a. Image ( max 2 MiB ) certain cases, you should use a comma.. Personal experience but some say it is no longer to be snuggled between a and. So I could pass my exams spread completely get this straight… to write a that. Cows have some virtues people should know about … when to Skip the comma to interrupt sentence...