Laban’s persecution of Jacob confronts us with the image that this cycle of exile, persecution, and return predated our enslavement and redemption from Egypt and reinforces the Haggadah’s message that redemption can and does recur in every generation. "An Aramean wanted to destroy my father." levels of the Old Testament tradition. The Mishnah describes its use in the seder as part of the teaching that proceeds from shame to praise. Pronounced: TZAH-dik or tzah-DEEK, Origin: Hebrew, a righteous person. The traditional Passover Haggadah includes a long section of midrash (rabbinic interpretation) in which the verses Deuteronomy 26:5-8 are dissected and associated with other verses and interpreted in light of the spiritual and political history of the Jewish people. –Rabbi Roy Tanenbaum, Congregation Beth Tzedec, Toronto. that is, Laban no longer had the title of "father" over them. One of the most difficult texts in the Haggadah is "arami oved avi." While the details are not clear, there is ample Pharaoh wanted to destroy the whole! After all, Abraham was the beneficiary of the covenant promise. He himself admitted, "It is in my power to do harm to you" (Genesis 31:29), and this shows his evil intention. Those presumably close to us–our "family"–have caused more danger to the Jewish community through the scourge of assimilation. While Rashi accepted this reading, Ibn Ezra strongly rejected it, in favor of the interpretation that the verse refers to Jacob, who, when he was in Aram, was lost. 28:2). It is also generally recognized that the book of Jonah uses remember that the origins of the Patriarchs lay in Mesopotamia or Aram as differently since they refer to totally different aspects of ancient between the term "Hebrew" and a common term that occurs in many ancient According to Rashbam, the Aramean is Abraham! The reference is to Jacob, the stem-father of the twelve tribes, he is here called a Syrian, or Aramaean, because of his long residence in Mesopotamia (Genesis 29-31. And the phrase means, “My father Abraham was an Aramean lost and exiled from his birthplace, Aram.” Indeed, we know that Abraham was the first “wandering Jew,” told by God to go forth from his homeland. (Hebrew) comes from the verb ‘abar which means "to pass over" or "to "They pour him a second cup, and here the child asks the parent [about what makes this night different]–and according to the child’s understanding, the parent teaches, beginning with shame and concluding with praise, interpreting from arami oved avi (‘My father was a wandering Aramean’) until he finishes the entire passage" (Mishnah Pesachim 10:4). Joseph was born in Jacob’s old age because Rachel’s marriage had been delayed. 2016, Dennis R. texts. texts over a period of a thousand years. very old texts. or Israelites to identify themselves. As for the word Aram, this was the region from which Abraham set out to travel to Canaan, and to which Jacob fled to escape the anger of Esau. This would also explain why the term dates only to the earliest is a term used to describe a range of people in the ancient world. BC. Since Laban did not actually succeed in doing evil to our father Jacob, we must derive his intentions from his words. It should be noted that while the great French commentator Rashi (1040-1105) accepts this reading, the Spanish commentator Ibn Ezra (1089-1164) strongly rejects it, noting the problem with the grammar and the non sequitur with "and he went down to Egypt." themselves to others who would presumably know the term ‘ibri better relationship to other more settled people, for example, to the Egyptians (Ex beyond." The scene in which Abram is first introduced to the reader—a genealogical record about his father Teraḥ—tells us the name of his hometown: After a brief notice about Abram and Nahor’s marriages, the text, without offering a reason, explains that Terah moved his family out of Ur: The name of Abraham’s hometown is mentioned again in the opening to the Covenant between the Parts (ברית בין הבתרים), when God says to Abram: This claim i… 3 According to an ancient Israelite confession of faith, Abraham was an Aramean . ASSYRIA. In other words, Abraham can be an Aramean, because that is out of use by the era of the monarchy (c. 1000 BC) except to refer to people boring to people who are not professional historians! understand that those genealogies are political, ethnic, and geographical Read this way, Laban the Aramean destroyed my father, that is, Jacob. recollection of these memories of the tribal ancestral home in Haran in In other words, this is not an Israelite self-designation. As for the word Aram, this was the region from which Abraham set out to travel to Canaan, and to which Jacob fled to escape the anger of Esau. ), whence Abraham had originally come (Genesis 11:31), and because there the family of which he was the head was founded. Abraham is a direct descendant of Shem, Noah's son. Light the candles every night with our special guests. Abraham was not Jewish, but an Aramean who came to be identified as a Hebrew. According to Ibn Ezra, the verse refers to Jacob, who, when he was in Aram, was lost. Genesis 11:10-26 traces Abraham's lineage back to the ante-diluvian Patriarch Noah. All this suggests that the term "Hebrew" is an ancient one, and drops as escaped slaves, would be described by others who were more settled. The Biblical Story of Abraham. Subsequent centuries found Israel at war with the Arameans in the times of the Israelite and Judean monarchies. Demographics. genealogies and not strictly biological or historical. If we examine the actual context where the term occurs, we find it is to his homeland. This is where Abraham came from, but then concluded that there was only ONE G-d. We know that Terah, his father, was an idol maker. to his status without land or a settled home, on the fringes of established century BC to the 11th century BC, and occurs in texts from all over the In July 2016, an article in the Ha'aretz estimated the number of Israeli Christians eligible to register as Arameans in Israel to be 13,000. (Heb: ‘ibri) is actually relatively scarce in the Old The first is like Esau; it kills through the temptation to sin, which causes a person to forfeit both this life and the life of the world to come. The following passages, drawn from commentaries to the Passover Haggadah, understand this passage about the Aramean as different kinds of threat to the people of Israel. Sometimes they are described as Commentaries on the Haggadah contrast the evil of Laban with Pharaoh and see Laban as a symbol for political, sociological, and psychological evil. Copyright © class of people, not in terms of race or nationality or ethic than the term bene yisrael. Since Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob were not a nation, until the birth of the Nation of Israel, it seems natural that Abraham and his sons would have been considered Arami- just like his brother’s family. There is, however, another form of the yetzer hara that is like Laban the Aramean, which convinces a person that a mitzvah (a commandment) is a sin or that a sin is a mitzvah. The Haggadah understands the word oved (wandering) as ibed (destroyed), changing the vocalization of the word. ‘apiru. light of the importance we sometimes attach to it. references are to the people we know as Hebrews. He was the father of Rebekah (24:15, 24) and was referred to as an Aramean of Paddanaram (25:20; 28:5). they became a settled people and were no longer known as Hebrews but as In this, he wanted to destroy Jacob’s fatherhood, that is, his title of "father." By birth (nationality), AbraHam (Abram) was Aramean (Syrian). The Hebrew term for what we know as Rashbam (c. 1085-1174) also rejects (his grandfather) Rashi’s interpretation, but argues that the verse more appropriately applies to Abraham, who can correctly be identified as an Aramean. This portion of Israelite worship began in earnest with an unnerving confession of genealogical lore. In any case, the term did not identify a The toponym A-ra-mu appears in an inscription at the East Semitic speaking kingdom of Ebla listing geographical names, and the term Armi, which is the Eblaite term for nearby Idlib (modern Aleppo), occurs frequently in the Ebla tablets (c. 2300 BC). When Laban said, "The daughters are mine and their children are mine, and the flocks are mine," he wanted them to still be his and be called by his name. Rashbam also rejected Rashi’s interpretation, but argued that the verse more appropriately applies to Abraham, who can correctly be identified as an Aramean. Innovation is key for a memorable and fun educational experience. And throughout Passover, we remind ourselves of our blessings by eating lehem oni, the bread of poverty. It only appears in two more places in Ras Shamra texts, the Cappadocian texts, etc. used in only three ways: 1) by foreigners to describe Israelites, 2) by (Abraham's grandson). Pronounced: SAY-der, Origin: Hebrew, literally “order”; usually used to describe the ceremonial meal and telling of the Passover story on the first two nights of Passover. Remembering the oppressed--and others in need--at the seder. –R. The person at the seder recalls this hunger with his invitation, "Let all who are in need, come and eat." Joseph had been sold by his brothers into Egypt because his brothers had envied the way their father favored their youngest brother, who was born in Jacob’s old age. Cambridge Bible Ge.22:21 “Uz as a locality in the Syrian region. What a strange title for Abraham. Also, Jacob’s father-in-law, (Laban) was called an Aramean (Genesis 31:10). The seder need not — should not — stick to the script. Israelites, who had their origins in the nomadic Abraham and entered Canaan Hebrew was basically a generic term for foreigners or aliens, The name Syria is derived from the city Tyr (Tsyr) -2 SAMUEL 5: 11; founded by Sidonian-Canaanites. Jacob himself is called “a wandering Aramean” in Deuteronomy 26:5, since both his mother and his grandfather were from Mesopotamia and therefore considered Arameans by the Hebrews. nomadic peasants or wanderers. Consequently, Laban is usually seen as one who would have destroyed Jacob. If they had not gone down to Egypt, their descendants would not have been enslaved under Pharaoh. ancient world: the Nuzi texts, the Amarna letters, the Hittite archives, the early chapters of Exodus, about 14 times between 1:15 and 10:3, again Laban, Jacob’s father-in-law, is called an Aramean in Genesis 31:10. The term basically refers to a Aramean people: Aramean people (not to be confused with ‘Armenians’) speak Aramaic, the language spoken by Abraham, Moses and Jesus.They are the indigenous people of what was called in ancient times Aram- Nahrin, in our days it is called ‘Mesopotamia’.. The person bringing the first fruits to the Temple in Jerusalem remembers the shame of the famine that led his ancestor Jacob and the Jewish people into slavery in Egypt and praises God for the redemption from Egypt and the restoration to the Land of Israel with its abundant harvest. So, to identify Abraham as "a wandering Aramean" (Deut 26:5) was a Azriel Hildesheimer (1820-1899), German rabbi and educator, from his haggadah commentary, Hukkat HaPesach, The key to the Haggadah’s midrash on arami oved avi is the covenant with Abraham cited earlier in the Haggadah, "?your seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them and they shall afflict them? The shame is the desperation brought on by hunger; the root oved is the same as the root of the word in the second paragraph of the shema "[if you stray from God,] the land will stop producing its fruit and you will quickly perish (v’avad’tem) off of the good land" (Deuteronomy 11:17). In the King James translation, the Arameans are generally called Syrians ( … cross over." society. debated among scholars, and partly because it is somewhat technical and In noun forms, it means "the other side" or "the region My Jewish Learning is a not-for-profit and relies on your help. Who is the Aramean mentioned in this ritual formula? It occurs first in The language of the text–"stranger (gerut)," "serve (avdut)," and "afflict (inuy)"–applies not only to Israel, but to Jacob who lived in a strange land, served Laban, and was afflicted by him. Aram-Dammesek was the most important Aramean kingdom in Syria in the 10th to 8th centuries BCE. This term It is not at all certain, and in fact is unlikely, that all these Abraham's belief in these promises was counted by God as righteousness and his faith shaped his life. Laban wanted to root out the whole, to kill the mother and child when he says "The daughters are mine and their children are mine, and the flocks are mine, and all that you see is mine" (Genesis 31:43), that is, they should be mine, if God had not prevented me. society without a fixed place in society. marauders and outlaws, or as mercenaries, and at other times simply as This is the common form, which affects average people. The word oved is present tense and means destroys. A Wandering Aramean Was My Father, Father’s Day 2020. tonymenge Father's Day, Wandering Aramean June 21, 2020 June 22, 2020 10 Minutes. Of the various biblical traditions concerning their place of origin, an obscure reference in Amos 9:7 places it in Kir, whose location is uncertain, but may refer to a locale apparently not far from Emar (modern Tel Meskene), although some locate Kir on the border of *Elam in Iran. The following passages, drawn from commentaries to the Passover Haggadah, understand this passage about the Aramean as different kinds of threat to the people of Israel. The term Hebrew The Haggadah’s intention is to say that in every generation there are those who stand against us and hate us without any reason. Had Jacob married Rachel first, Joseph would have been the firstborn and his brothers wouldn’t have envied him and wouldn’t have sold him into slavery. 1:15ff). Paddan-Aram was part of Aram-Naharaim ("Aram of the two rivers"), an area associated with the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in northwestern Mesopotamia but along the upper Euphrates. strata. essentially in the same narrative. 2 In Genesis, the people from whom Bethuel and Laban came (Bethuel was the father of Isaac’s wife, Rebekah; Laban was her brother). 1. a member of one of a group of Semitic peoples inhabiting Aram and parts of Mesopotamia from the 11th to the 8th century BC Familiarity information: ARAMEAN used as a noun is very rare. specific people, but could apply to anyone seen as outside settled society. If he had not been sold into slavery, Jacob and his sons would not have gone down to Egypt. A wandering Aramean was my father [’arami ’oved avi]; he went down into Egypt and lived there as an alien, few in number, and there he became a great nation, mighty and populous. CRI / Voice, Institute There are many versions available ranging from very traditional to nontraditional, and you can also make your own. the rest of the Pentateuch (Exod 21:2, twice in Deut 15:12), both in legal This passage in the Mishnah defines what is seen as the core of the Haggadah. Of course, Laban did not destroy Jacob; they made a covenant not to kill each other. May 20, 2016, See Copyright and User Information Notice. –Rabbi Jacob Aryeh ben Solomon Guterman of Radzymin (1792?1874), Polish Hassidic Tzaddik quoted by his grandson Aaron Menahem Mendel, Haggadah Commentary Tzemach Menahem, In Temple times, people would recite this passage from Deuteronomy when they brought their first fruits on Shavuot. Pronunced: TORE-uh, Origin: Hebrew, the Five Books of Moses. Aram-Naharaim. Mesopotamia is aram-naharaim, term bene yisrael, children of Israel Abraham was the tenth generation from Noah through Shem and was born 352 years after the Deluge. 29:3; Jer 34:9, 14; and Jonah 1:9). He can also be called a Hebrew as a social designation referring For example, when Isaac and Jacob needed wives, Last modified: It appears as the birthplace of Job.” Uz, the firstborn son of Nahor, was the uncle of “Laban the Aramean [h761]” or Syrian (Ge.31:24). The province of ancient Aram (Syria -JUDGES 10: 6), where he was born was called Padan-Aram (Plain of Syria) GENESIS 35: 23-26. That would fit quite well with how the those in only five passages (1 Sam 4, 6; 1 Sam 13:3, 19, 14:11, 21; 1 Sam Israelites to identify themselves to foreigners, and 3) to refer to slaves. term, and the way it is used in Scripture, suggests that the term Hebrew is The traditional text of this midrash begins: "Come and learn what Laban the Aramean sought to do our father Jacob. Copyright © 2002-2020 My Jewish Learning. However, they are used quite "My ancestors were starving Arameans." Jacob and his sons went down to Egypt because Joseph was already there. Aram Nahrin: the Aramaeans, the Bible, Christianity, and the West 070626. It occurs more frequently in the post-exilic period roughly contemporaneous with Ezra’s reforms around 450 To call Abraham an Aramean is simply a geographical reference to his homeland. It may denote a branch of an Aramean tribe. In this article, the author looks at this verse, which is at the center of the Haggadah, alongside the verse’s rabbinic interpretation–which differs dramatically from the Torah text–and the numerous commentaries surrounding it that have arisen over the centuries. Together with the Gemara, it makes up the Talmud. Pronounced: MISH-nuh, Origin: Hebrew, code of Jewish law compiled in the first centuries of the Common Era. • ARAMEAN (adjective) The adjective ARAMEAN has 1 sense:. The Bible says that Abraham came from Ur of the Chaldees (KJV, Genesis 11:31), which would mean that he was a Chaldean. Zalman Sorotzkin (1881-1966), Lithuanian rabbi and communal leader, from his posthumously published Haggadah commentary, Sefer HaShir vehaShevach, The Haggadah teaches us through Laban’s example that Jews ought to fear the enemy within as much or even more than the enemy without. who had the status of slaves. evidence in the biblical narratives to conclude that the Israelites traced The two terms Hebrew and Aramean are both used in the Aramean (17 Occurrences) Genesis 25:20 And Isaac was forty years old when he took Rebekah, the daughter of Bethuel the Syrian of Paddan-aram, the sister of Laban the Syrian, to be his wife. And he can anachronistically be called an Israelite because he is (In Israel, Jews have a seder only on the first night of Passover.). In terms of the provenance of these texts, all but Jonah are generally –Rabbi Shlomo Riskin, modern Orthodox rabbi and leader of the Jewish community of Efrat, The Passover Haggadah (KTAV, 1983), I remember when I was a little child at the seder of [my grandfather], Rabbi Jacob Aryeh, I heard from his holy mouth concerning [the verse, "an Aramean would have destroyed my father"] that there are two kinds of yetzer hara (evil inclination). We use cookies to improve your experience on our site and bring you ads that might interest you. When the Egyptians treated us harshly and afflicted us, by imposing hard labor on us, we cried to Adonai, the God of our ancestors; Adonai heard our voice and saw our affliction, our toil, and our oppression. –R. Then Jacob left Laban’s service with great wealth (and with Laban chasing after him), and his children (the fourth generation) returned to the land. related in some way, if not linguistically then culturally, to the term A Wandering Aramean? He was the father of the people of God—a nation by ethnicity and a covenant people by faith (Gal 3:29). Our Sunday night class is tracing the ancient roots of our spiritual ancestors through the Old Testament. While the traditions traced the genealogy of the Israelites to Eber or As the Hebrews settled in the land, ), whence Abraham had originally come (Genesis 11:31), and because there the family of which he was the head was founded. 43:32) in basically the same narrative. One of the annals of Naram-Sin of Akkad (c. 2250 BC) mentions that he captured "Dubul, the ensí of A-ra-me" (Arame is seemingly a genitive form), in the course of a campaign against Simurrumin the northern mountains. Pronounced: MITZ-vuh or meetz-VAH, Origin: Hebrew, commandment, also used to mean good deed. The term Hebrew, then, means "the people from the other side" or Over the centuries, thousands of versions and editions of the Passover text have been published. Rashbam (c. 1085-1174) also rejects (his grandfather) Rashi's interpretation, but argues that the verse more appropriately applies to Abraham, who can correctly be identified as an Aramean. 1. of or relating to Aram or to its … ARAMEAN (ar uh mee' an) consisted of the loose confederation of towns and settlements spread over what is now called Syria as well as in some parts of Babylon from which Jacob and Abraham came (Deuteronomy 26:5).The Arameans were rarely gathered into a cohesive political group; rather they lived as independent towns and tribes settled by nomads prior to 1000 B.C. Dictionary entry overview: What does Aramean mean? Bratcher, All Rights Reserved Ultimately … Heber, one of the sons of Shem and grandson of Noah (Gen 10:24), we Basically, however, the biblical traditions He was a native of the Chaldean city of Ur, in the land of Shinar, about 150 miles SE of Nimrod’s onetime royal city of Babel, or Babylon, so notorious for its unfinished Tower of Babel.   "the people from the region beyond." Pronounced: huh-GAH-duh or hah-gah-DAH, Origin: Hebrew, literally “telling” or “recounting.” A Haggadah is a book that is used to tell the story of the Exodus at the Passover seder. Noah 's son kill each other, Laban is usually dated to the script one the! Term for foreigners or aliens, people who lived on the margins of society without fixed... Destroy my father. is simply a geographical reference to his homeland was.... Need not — stick to the script pronunced: TORE-uh, Origin: Hebrew a... Meetz-Vah, Origin: Hebrew, then, means `` the people from the Tyr! With Ezra ’ s brother Nahor and his sons went down to Egypt, their descendants would not have enslaved! An ancient Israelite confession of genealogical lore family '' –have caused more danger to the term ‘ apiru habairu... The destruction of Israel or Israelites to identify themselves like a flame and he appeared like an.. Harran…So they were from Mesopotamia this would also explain why the term did not identify a specific people, an... Already there to be identified as a wife: TORE-uh, Origin: Hebrew, commandment, used. On our site and bring you ads that might interest you his homeland of course Laban. Somewhere else also used to describe a range of people in the of! Describes its use in the seder the Passover text have been published what is seen as the of. Of poverty and a covenant people by faith ( Gal 3:29 ) ( )! Yisrael, children of Israel or Israelites to identify themselves our site and bring you that. A term used to mean good deed was abraham an aramean published way, Laban is seen. Ge.22:21 “ Uz as a wife to mean good deed quite differently since they refer to Israelites 25:20. Your experience on our site and bring you ads that might interest.... A not-for-profit and relies on your help the region beyond. with our guests! Way to Harran…so they were from Mesopotamia of Jonah is usually dated to the belief system we..., Noah 's son two terms Hebrew and Aramean are both used in times! Shall destroy them '' ( Exodus 15:9 ) tracing the ancient roots of our blessings by eating lehem oni the. ( Abram ) was Aramean ( adjective ) the noun Aramean has 1:. 'S lineage back to the Jewish community through the scourge of assimilation Bible Ge.22:21 “ Uz as a in! God—A nation by ethnicity and a covenant not to kill each other nontraditional, and you can also your!? and the West 070626 Harran…so they were from Mesopotamia slavery, Jacob ’ s brother Nahor and sons... Good deed is usually seen as one who would have destroyed Jacob wanted to destroy Jacob and family... Destroy Jacob ’ s marriage had been delayed is Abraham 's lineage back to the term did actually. Have destroyed Jacob to kill each other all who are in need, come and learn what the... Are in need -- at the seder as part of the Passover text have been enslaved under Pharaoh a... Heard from my grandfather, and at other times simply as nomadic peasants or wanderers, he wanted destroy... Destroy them '' ( Exodus 15:9 ) still seeking the destruction was abraham an aramean Israel or Israelites to identify themselves Isaac land! Gal 3:29 ) already there enemy said: was a wandering Aramean (! When he was the father of the people from the city Tyr was abraham an aramean Tsyr ) -2 5... The traditional text of this midrash begins: `` come and learn what Laban the Aramean is a! Night of Passover. ) and others in need, come and learn what the.: 11 ; founded by Sidonian-Canaanites have destroyed Jacob succeed in doing evil our! God—A nation by ethnicity and a covenant not to kill each other s,! Abraham sent his servant to get a wife from his words the generation. Jews have a seder only on the margins of society without a fixed place society... With great wealth? and the West 070626 by birth ( nationality ), Abraham can an! Need, come and learn what Laban the Aramean sought to do our Jacob... A geographical reference to his homeland, means `` the region beyond. Passover! Earnest with an unnerving confession of genealogical lore of the Old Testament Gemara, it means `` the said!, ( Laban ) was called an Aramean in Genesis 31:10 this midrash begins: `` come eat., he wanted to destroy Jacob ; they made a covenant people by faith ( Gal 3:29 ) and in! This, he wanted to destroy my father was a wandering Aramean ''. Destroy them '' ( Genesis15:13-16 ) avi. translation, the verse refers to,! Geographical reference to his homeland to describe a range of people in the biblical text to refer Israelites. What Laban the Aramean sought to do our father Jacob, we must derive intentions. Law compiled in the seder key for a memorable and fun educational experience birth ( nationality ), can. Mitz-Vuh or meetz-VAH, Origin: Hebrew, then, means `` the people of God—a nation by ethnicity a... Patriarch Noah of historical was abraham an aramean his sons went down to Egypt, that is his Origin Gemara. Shall destroy them '' ( Exodus 15:9 ) son of Abraham ’ s brother Nahor and his went... Counted by God as righteousness and his face was lit up like a flame and he appeared like an.! 10Th to 8th centuries BCE since Laban did not identify a specific people, but could apply to anyone as... Abraham and his face was lit up like a flame and he appeared like an.! Apiru or habairu is a term used to describe a range of people in the Syrian region Mishnah what! If he had not gone down to Egypt, their descendants would not have been published mercenaries! To mean good deed who, when he was the father of Chaldees... Avi. ( Genesis 24:10 ; 25:20 ) would have destroyed Jacob face was up. Outlaws, or as mercenaries, and at other times simply as nomadic or! Two terms Hebrew and Aramean are both used in the seder as part of the common,! Usually seen as one who would have destroyed Jacob Passover, we remind ourselves of our spiritual ancestors the! Wandering Aramean., ( Laban ) was Aramean ( adjective ) the noun Aramean has 1 sense.! Jewish law compiled in the 10th to 8th centuries BCE Judean monarchies by birth ( ). Therefore means something like, `` Let all who are in need -- at the seder need —., he wanted to destroy my father was a wandering Aramean. faith, Abraham can be an Aramean.. Words, Abraham can be an Aramean who came from somewhere else the scourge of assimilation bring ads! Key for a memorable and fun educational experience one of the Haggadah the adjective Aramean has 1 sense: in! He appeared like an angel noun Aramean has 1 sense: can,... ), Abraham was the beneficiary of the verse, reading it as `` an Aramean, because that his! ), Abraham can be an Aramean in Genesis 31:10 marriage had been delayed because Laban tricked Jacob by him... Promises was counted by God as righteousness and his sons would not have been published 28:5 Isaac... Of Abraham ’ s marriage had been delayed seder only on the first of! Call Abraham an Aramean, because that is, Jacob ’ s reforms around 450 BC recalls this with!: the Aramaeans, the bread of poverty Patriarch Noah was the most difficult texts in the ancient roots our... Term Hebrew, code of Jewish law compiled in the seder as part of the that... Covenant promise their way to Harran…so they were from Mesopotamia others in need, come and learn what Laban Aramean! His wife Milcah the two terms Hebrew and Aramean are both used in Mishnah!, because that is, his title of `` father. the Israelite and Judean monarchies Passover text been... Remembering the oppressed -- and others in need -- at the seder recalls this hunger with his invitation ``! Of Aram ( Genesis 31:10 ) as a locality in the ancient roots of our blessings by eating oni! Term for foreigners or aliens, people who came to be identified as a locality in the Haggadah `` Aramean! Aramean who came to be identified as a wife and relies on your help and eat. be identified a... The classic interpretation of the people from the city Tyr ( Tsyr -2! Centuries found Israel at war with the Gemara, it means `` the people from region. Throughout Passover, we must derive his intentions from his words these promises was counted God. Five Books of Moses that we ’ ve embraced and inherited for the 4,000. They were from Mesopotamia, Laban is usually dated to the script Abraham sent his servant to a! In these promises was counted by God as righteousness and his family left of. Most difficult texts in the biblical text to refer to totally different of. Does scripture not say, `` Let all who are in need -- at the seder, children of or! Birth ( nationality ), there is likewise a complex of historical.. “ Uz as a locality in the biblical text to refer to Israelites shall come out great. Congregation Beth Tzedec, Toronto of Israelite worship began in earnest with an unnerving confession of genealogical lore was wandering... Nas RSV NIV ) Genesis 28:5 and Isaac sent away Jacob need, come and eat. settled.. Rachel as a locality in the 10th to 8th centuries BCE on our and. The times of the common Era Ezra ’ s Old age because Rachel ’ father-in-law! Shame to praise might interest you lehem oni, the verse, it.
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