On August 1896 the United Kingdom and the Zanzibar Sultanate fought for around 40 minutes being this way the shortest war ever happened in history. The United Kingdom, also called the U.K., consists of a group of islands off the northwest coast of Europe. UK has no official language as such, however, about 90% of its citizens communicate in English. It is co-ordinated and managed by the Prime Minister, in their role as Minister for the Civil Service. Visit for a holiday, business or a short stay (up to 6 months), airport transit visas. In some parts of the country, there’s just one tier of local government providing all the functions, known as a ‘unitary authority’. Individual countries in the United Kingdom prefer their indigenous languages; so Welsh, Cornish, and Scottish Gaelic are also commonly spoken. It is actually a union of four countries including England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. In Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, devolved administrations are responsible for many domestic policy issues, and their Parliaments/Assemblies have law-making powers for those areas. Their total nominal GDP is the 6th highest in the world, and the 3rd largest economy in Europe. England itself does not have a formal government or constitution, and a specifically English role in contemporary government and politics is hard to identify in any formal sense, for these operate on a nationwide British basis. Some departments, like the Ministry of Defence, cover the whole UK. The monarch does not make an open political decision, but all the decisions are made by the Parliament and the government. Firsts. Wales (Welsh: Cymru ()) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. The Freedom of Information Act gives you the right to ask any public sector organisation for all the recorded information it has on any subject. Ministers are chosen by the Prime Minister from the members of the House of Commons and House of … Only one British sailor was injured while casualties in the other party reached 500 people. The United Kingdom is a monarchy in form but a parliamentary democracy in substance. Bills are proposals for new laws or changes to existing ones. Visit the UK. One Welsh town is particularly difficult to pronounce. Others don’t – the Department for Work and Pensions doesn't cover Northern Ireland. The UK is located mainly on two large islands in the Atlantic Ocean. This is because some aspects of government are devolved to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. How to make a freedom of information request. 4. These are bills which have been approved by the Commons, the Lords, and The Queen. It is bordered by England to the east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, and the Bristol Channel to the south. The House of Commons is more powerful and can overrule the amendments of the House of Lords. Read more about the Prime Minister's Office, 10 Downing Street. Departments and their agencies are responsible for putting government policy into practice. As the dominant industrial and maritime power of the 19th century, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland played a leading … Government of the United Kingdom . The Government of the United Kingdom is accountable to the Parliament, a principle known as \"responsible government\". Hence, English is considered as the official language. The United Kingdom comprises the whole of the island of Great Britain—which contains England, Wales, and Scotland —as well as the northern portion of the island of Ireland. In the UK, the Prime Minister leads the government with the support of the Cabinet and ministers. As well as these, many areas also have parish or town councils. The monarch also appoints the prime minister, the leader of the government. This combined the two kingdoms into a single kingdom, and merged the two parliaments into a single parliament of Great Britain. These are part of government departments and usually provide government services rather than decide policy - which is done by the department that oversees the agency. Offer your skills and energy to a project in your neighbourhood, around the UK or overseas. They have a total nominal GDP of $2.434 trillion, with a per capita GDP of $38,591. The U.K. does not have a written constitution. The Civil Service does the practical and administrative work of government. Non-ministerial departments are headed by senior civil servants and not ministers. It had a population in 2011 of 3,063,456 and has a total area of 20,779 km 2 (8,023 sq mi). The government publishes information about how government works to allow you to make politicians, public services and public organisations more accountable. Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have a degree of autonomous devolved power. The Parliament of the UK has two levels: House of Lords (Upper) and the House of Commons (Lower). On data.gov.uk you can easily find, review and use information about our country and communities - for example, to develop web applications. U.S.-UNITED KINGDOM RELATIONS The United States has no closer partner than the United Kingdom. The name Britain is sometimes used to refer to the United Kingdom as a whole. NOW 50% OFF! Marginal food insecurity indicates concern about one’s ability to access food. The head of government is the prime minister. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. White papers outline proposals for new laws. They usually have a regulatory or inspection function like the Charity Commission. 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