suggesting that the Chinese and the Mayans used an identical method. Paperback. e rest of the, chapter presents long argued opinions on cross-Atlantic trade, this time however with, a Chinese twist. 2, No. ey would have had much less of a problem. But Menzies is convinced that, Da Conti sailed with the Chinese around Africa to the shores of P. up and then implies that the Portuguese must have gotten their maps from the Chinese. e South America section, was drawn from maps made during the time of Alexander the Great and his Generals who, the Great, or Ptolemy II, who collected maps at the G, mentions that Arabs created the original maps of this part of the world during the time of, the Alexanders, not the Chinese. Let’, Menzies claims on page 103 that there are inscriptions on a large red sandstone, rock some 3 meters high, standing on the Cape V, he photographed. India is on the right, the Arabian P, center and Africa, lled with a lake is on the left. So that the present map is as correct and reliable for, the Seven Seas as the map of these our countries is considered correct and r, is part of the map was clearly drawn from several other earlier maps. Although scholars of Chinese history have long known of Admiral Zheng He’, Menzies is the rst person to claim that the Chinese sailed around the whole world. 1/2 (Jul., 1985), pp. Menzies Thesen werden von Fachhistorikern als Fiktion abgelehnt. 4.5 out of 5 stars 344. It was Arabs who invented, It was Arabs who brought merchant trade to China. It is commonly said that "Columbus discovered America." Review By Dan Gibson for Nabataea, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Dan Gibson, All content in this area was uploaded by Dan Gibson on Dec 09, 2017, In this book Gavin Menzies, a British submarine captain puts forward the claim, that Chinese admirals traveled around the world visiting every corner of the globe in. WITH verve and unflagging conviction, Gavin Menzies advances a … P. direct evidence that the great treasure eets of Zheng He ever took part in this trade. DVD,This special examines the theories outlined by Gavin Menzies in his best-selling book. 1434: The Year a Magnificent Chinese Fleet Sailed to Italy and Ignited the Renaissance Gavin Menzies. It has been a national holiday in the United States since 1937. at is: assume that they are researching the very rst cross-Atlantic voyages, thus not, taking into account that others may have been there before. The book, 1421: The Year China discovered the World, made the controversial claim that a Chinese admiral and eunuch, Zheng He, sailed around the world and discovered America on the way. 1421: Year China Discovered America? © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. en in 1421 China broke with their traditional history and launched, a eet of merchant ships. Ancient Chinese script carved into rocks may prove Asians lived in New World 3,300 years ago. e pages are covered with marginal notes. Menzies’ chapter on the rst colony in America proposes that a Chinese junk sank, in the Sacramento River and that the survivors built a colony about seventy miles north-west, of the wreck. accuracy than their scientic ability could produce is not evidence that the Chinese made, long sailed the world and who may have been the rst to develop the science of astronomy, long before this who were also renowned as world sea travelers. China’s regional dominance plummeted after losing and influenced a series of internal clashes over the next 16 years. The Records of Armaments and Military Provisions. Click here to purchase a PDF version of this article at the Monthly Review website. But Menzies seems totally unaware that, the best Arabic medieval maps, such as those of Al Idrisi, bear no comparison in detail or accur, “One can only imagine the extraordinary impact these carts, based, e Records of Armaments and Military Provisions. tend to mislead naive readers? Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. ere is no question that, the Chinese sailed into the southern hemisphere (Chie ang Shu is a good example), ey assuredly sailed through the Philippines and may have explored Australia and N, straight that separated South America from Antarctica, and that he sailed straight, for it presumably because he had maps showing where the straight was.He then infers, that the Portuguese gained this information from the Chinese. "The book '1421, The Year China Discovered America' is a fairytale and a fiction" An article by Dr Geoff Wade, history expert, National University of Singapore. 1421: The Year China Discovered America Gavin Menzies. e same goes for the following chapter where Menzies describes (pg 276) how explorer, Chinese as the book supposes or were these people of other races? From about twenty charts and Mappae Mundi: these ar, of Hind, (India) and from the maps just drawn b, drawn by Colombo in the western region I have extr, one scale this nal form was arrived at. At the end of the printed text are. 1491 (Second Edition): New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus Charles C. Mann. Sea travel was forbidden once again and all exploration suddenly ceased. If the junk had been part of a huge treasure eet, then I would assume that other ships, from the eet would have rescued the sailors. Taipei: Caves Books Menzies then claims. The book has generated controversy within the halls of scholarship. Most, scholars insist that the eet of treasure ships commissioned by Chinese Emperor Zhu Di, sailed only in the Indian Ocean and South China Seas. The 1421 research team was set up to receive and disseminate all information gathered via this website. 1421: The Year China Discovered America (2002) 1434: The Year a Magnificent Chinese Fleet Sailed to Italy and Ignited the Renaissance (2008) The Lost Empire of Atlantis: History's Greatest Mystery Revealed (2011) Who Discovered America? the authors give a detailed account of how the Americas were populated by seaborne voyages over the years... '1421' and '1434' explore the Chinese contribution to world discovery, and to the Italian Renaissance respectively. e emperor banned all merchants from going, abroad. Gavin Menzies: August 14th 1937- April 12th, 2020. Only 10 left in stock. Book Review 1421, The Year China Discovered the World, Review By Dan Gibson for Nabataea, 2003 The Chinese had circumnavigated the world and provided this information to the courts of Europe. XLII, Royal Asiatic Society, London, 1981, pp 5, 6, 238. s journals mentioned in John Framption's The most noble and famous travels of Marco Polo, 1579. Rather than researching the writings of various scholars on either, side of this argument, Menzies looks at some Arab maps in the British Library and dismissed, the Arabs since they could not tell time, assuming that this was the only way to calculate. Reading like a real-life Indiana Jones story The Lost Empire of Atlantis takes us on an epic journey around the world to finally uncover the truth behind the mystery of Atlantis. travels of Marco Polo, 1579. 4.5 out of 5 stars 355. en from 1264 AD - 1356 AD sea trade was. See also: Editorial Introduction to Nicolò de' Conti's In 520 pages, Menzies puts together a fantastic account of seven incredible voyages. interesting, but it is certainly not conclusive proof the Chinese ever arriving in the Caribbean. Christopher Ingold Laboratories, University College London, U.K. deeds” by Aeneas Sylvius (who later became P, 1477. In 1421: The Year China Discovered America, Gavin Menzies presents evidence that China not only discovered North and South America before Columbus was born, but also rounded the Cape of Good Hope, explored the North and South Poles, discovered Australia, and circumnavigated the world, visiting every continent except Europe. Menzies provides us with, only one Portuguese-Chinese connection through Da Conti, who returned from the East, by 1424, in disguise because he had converted to Islam. Gavin Menzies (voller Name: Rowan Gavin Paton Menzies) (* 14. Paperback. And, then, much to our surprise, he insists that the maps that the Portuguese used were of, on the Chinese voyages of 1421 to 1423 must have had on the Europeans …”, I fail to catch the connection. So we apparently have evidence. Menzies fails to prove this. year and latitude of the observation points. This article can also be found at the Monthly Review website , where most recent articles are published in full. Vol. Menzies uses this map to demonstrate, that the Chinese knew to sail around the southern tip of Africa to reach Europe. Needham, Joseph, Science and Civilization in China: Volume 4, Physics and I. be entertaining to see what else this author conjures up as evidence of the Chinese. S. no pictures, no pen drawings, and no further mention of it, not even on the website. In the corner of the map, near South, America and Antarctica is the following inscription in T, is constructed. A new exhibition sets the scene, presenting new evidence that lends support to the assumptions made in "1421: The Year China Discovered America" by Gavin Menzies. By Gavin Menzies. Directed by David Wallace. Presents a startling journey of adventure and exploration that could turn the conventional view of world history on its head. Menzies’ book is the only one suggesting such an idea, and he does little to. 1, Cambridge 1954, pp is lack, of footnoting is very frustrating as the reader cannot check further into Menzies’ sources. Menzies continues his errors into the next chapter, Portuguese simply did not have the capacity to survey the islands with such accuracy - for the. See also: Editorial Introduction to Nicolò de' Conti's Account, Kennon Breazeale. This fascinating documentary examines the mystery surrounding the sailing exploits of the legendary Admiral Zhen He and his 30 year command of a gigantic Ming fleet. All rights reserved. Ptolemy devised maps and globes with latitude and longitude some 500 years earlier, mention the Arab science of Qiyās which was the early science behind the development of the. by Gavin Menzies, Bantam Press, 2002 Take me to 1421 », In 1434, Gavin Menzies offers a stunning reappraisal of history, presenting compelling new evidence on the European Renaissance, tracing its roots to China. Interestingly enough he does not provide us with any copies of his, photographs, or even line drawings of the inscriptions, which he claims are in the Malayalam, language (a language spoken by millions of people in south India). He argues that the, Portuguese must have had maps to guide them, but he never once considers that the, Chinese may have also had maps to guide them. In "Who Discovered America?" they accurately charted the entire world with greatest accuracy 19 years later! Take me to Atlantis ». In 1434, Gavin Menzies offers a stunning reappraisal of history, presenting compelling new evidence on the European Renaissance, tracing its roots to China. that the Chinese carved these Malayalam inscriptions, which he never translates for us. Recommended Citation. longitude! Gavin Menzies, a retired submarine lieutenant claimed the Chinese had sailed to North American in 1421, a full 30 years before Christopher Columbus was even born. In a theory proposed by Gavin Menzies, supposedly the year that Chinese explorer Hong Bao and Zhou Wen discovered the Americas, beating Columbus by about 70 years. In stock on December 2, 2020. 2, Autumn 2004. convince historians that he has uncovered any solid evidence to support his claims. 552 pp. $27.95. Tibbetts, G, R., Arab Navigaton, Oriental Tanslation Fund, New Series Volume It appears that M, totally missed the fact that the Arabs were the sea merchants of the Indian Ocean (and, beyond) from the time of Christ until the 1500’, and Persian merchants living in Canton China! 1421: The Year China Discovered the World. Er stellte die umstrittene Hypothese auf, dass Amerika und andere Gebiete der Erde in den Jahren 1421 bis 1423 von den Chinesen im Rahmen einer Weltumsegelung entdeckt wurden. Did people actually trade across the Pacic? Why does M, not tell us that Megallan had access to Arab maps? If the Chinese wanted to establish a trading, where further trade could have been carried out with China. [women] use other kinds of dressing themselves, like unto the women of Egypt and Syria; these are of the elder sort: and when they are married, they, wear divers toys [jeweler] according to the usage of the people of the East, as w, On page 285 Menzies protests that Syrian or Egyptian sailors would never, have reached the Atlantic, and that their women would not have been taken on long, voyages. The Year China Discovered America. But an amateur historian says Columbus was about 70 years too late. As part of the defeat agreement, Taiwan was handed over to Japan. Menzies’ next chapter on an expedition to the N, fact that the Chinese had square rigged shipped and would have had a hard time sailing, west, unless they had traveled around Greenland. 1421: The Year China Discovered America? Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Take me to Who Discovered America? 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