In a later lesson we shall explain in detail what these two “Testaments” are and how they relate to each other. If we were to calculate the odds of this event happening by chance, the figures would be astronomical. The Bible records that the Hittites were a powerful force in the Middle East from 1750 B.C. Only due to Constantine's opportunism that Christianity got as big as it did. Some say these prophecies were fulfilled by chance, but the odds against this would be exceptionally large. : Harvest House Publishers, 1997), 25.7. Does the Bible confirm its exclusive claim to be the Word of God? 2. Many of the refugees of the city sailed to the island, and the island city of Tyre remained a powerful city. Jesus even specifically affirmed as historical several disputed stories of the Old Testament. Our MB Confession of Faith simply states: “We accept the Bible as the infallible Word of God and the authoritative guide for faith and practice.” But how the Bible functions authoritatively in our lives is not quite so simple. I take this to refer to human authority. Since God is a God of truth, we should expect His revelation to present what is historically true. So learn to trust him and honor Him. The Bible is the greatest earthly treasure that could possibly be placed in the hands of mankind. Ralph H. Alexander, "Ezekiel," in The Expositor's Bible Commentary, ed. The strongest argument for the divine inspiration of the Bible is the testimony of Jesus. Another example is the story of Jericho recorded in the book of Joshua. Faith in God compels us to believe that God’s revelations embrace the entire period of His dealings with the human race. They were simply God’s messengers, and often the great truths they wrote down were too profound for them to understand. First, we must answer some of the questions many people have in their minds as they begin to read the Bible. you are invited to follow my christian blog. In Mark 7:8-9, Jesus refers to the Old Testament as the "commands of God." They [the Prophets] were shown that they were serving not themselves but you, in regard to the things now announced to you through those who proclaimed the gospel to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven—things angels long to catch a glimpse of. Secular history tells of the rise and fall of nations, of great wars and battles, and of the ways in which men and nations have affected the peoples of surrounding territories. With all of these thoughts in mind, let’s look and see what the Bible says on three different examples of authority. google search>>> steve finnell a christian view. The Bible alone proves to be divinely inspired and its exclusive claims rule out the claims of other books. He names Abel as the first prophet from Genesis, and Zechariah the last prophet mentioned in 2 Chronicles, the last book in the Jewish Old Testament (which contains the same books we have today although placed in a different order). That unity is organized around one theme: God's redemption of man and all of creation. the bible is the authority in the church. A third line of evidence is the unity of the Bible. Even if you claim, "the law of non-contradiction is false," you are asserting this statement is true and its opposite is false. God spoke to Isaiah (2 Kings 20:1), about 700 B.C. It would take more a greater leap of faith to believe in that chance happening than in the fact that Jesus is God and these prophecies are divinely inspired. Moses wrote in the desert of Sinai, Paul wrote in a prison in Rome, Daniel wrote in exile in Babylon, and Ezra wrote in the ruined city of Jerusalem. Related Topics: Apologetics, Archaeology, Basics for Christians, Canon, Inerrancy, Inspiration, Old Testament, Prophecy/Revelation, Revelation, Teaching the Bible, Patrick Zukeran served on the staff of Probe Ministries for 22 years, having received graduate degrees from Dallas Theological Seminary (Th.M) and Southern Evangelical Seminary (D.Min). So, when you read the Bible you are in good company, for millions of modern people are reading it! Randall Price, The Stones Cry Out (Eugene, OR. However, in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, archaeologists in Turkey discovered a city which proved to be the capital of the Hittite empire. It is summed up in two short readings as follows: Every scripture is inspired by God and useful for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that the person dedicated to God may be capable and equipped for every good work (2 Timothy 3:16-17). Archaeology does not directly prove the Bible's inspiration, but it does prove its historical reliability. Christianity is based on the Bible which Christians accept as their final authority because they believe it to be inspired by God. Do this so that their work will be a joy, not a burden, for that would be of no benefit to you" (Hebrews 13:17). We lack the wisdom, power, and knowledge to order the world. All these authors, from a span of fifteen hundred years, wrote on many controversial subjects, yet they do not contradict one another. JOSH: Biblical authority means having the Bible as the source for your worldview. THE AUTHORITY OF THE BIBLE People must have a true and authoritative basis for their faith. Biblical archaeology has silenced many critics as new discoveries supported the facts of the Bible. Authority can be defined as the right to issue commands and demand obedience. He affirms as true the accounts of Adam and Eve (Matthew 19:4-5), Noah and the flood (Matthew 24:39), Jonah and the whale (Matthew 12:40), Sodom and Gomorrah (Matthew 10:15), and more. God spoke to Elijah (1 Kings 21:17), about 900 B.C. 1. And because God delegated some of His authority to various human beings, we get to see His authority active every day. You will notice that even the prophets themselves did not fully understand the words that God spoke through them or revealed to them. The Bible then becomes authoritative because it lets us in on what it was like being an early Christian—and it is the early Christian experience that is then treated as the real authority, the real norm. The Bible has incredible power to change our lives because it leads us to the True source of Life, Jesus Christ. Certain people from within the church have departed from the true teaching of the gospel, have become quarrelsome and argumentative, and are propagatin… Concerning this salvation, the prophets who predicted the grace that would come to you searched and investigated carefully. This briefly is what the Bible claims for itself! 5. (Genesis 15:20, 2 Samuel 11, and 1 Kings 10:29). The Search Of The Wise Men (Matthew 2:1-12), Christmas Searches: Expository Sermons For Christmas, 3. Is there any God but me? Why does the Bible have such authority over us? until 1200 B.C. Fourth, it was written under many different circumstances. Here are some examples. His research has shown that the archaeological evidence matches perfectly with the biblical record. The Bible’s claim to be inspired by the Holy Spirit is the only possible answer to the amazing mystery of the foretelling of the future in accurate detail. "{4 Dr. William Albright, who was probably the foremost authority in Middle East archaeology in his time, said this about the Bible: "There can be no doubt that archaeology has confirmed the substantial historicity of the Old Testament. “I am the Lord! Question: "Why does Scripture emphasize the right hand of God?" The worldview of the Pali Canon and its view of salvation contradict biblical teachings. Leah: The Woman No Man Loved But Every Woman Envied (Gen. 29:15-35), www.probe.org/historical-reliability-of-the-gospels, www.probe.org/authority-of-the-bible-a-strong-argument-for-christianity/. The testimony of Christ and the legacy of prophecy are two proofs for inspiration. Consider an excerpt from the Baptist Faith and Message that will serve to illustrate the point. God does not. Why do Christians believe the Bible to be a Book inspired by God? 3. Visit Probe's website. No book in history can compare to the Bible when it comes to the fulfillment of prophecy. Our Government Is From God. Because of the accuracy of the prophecies, many skeptics have believed that they must have been written after A.D. 70—after the birth and death of Jesus and the destruction of Jerusalem. To say that the church determines the canon grossly oversimplifies the process by which we received our Bible. It is a Book (which, in some parts, is thousands of years old) which claims to be a record of the actual words of God to men, and of the ways in which He has dealt with men in history. The Old Testament begins with a concise account of the creation of the world. I will not share my glory with anyone else, or the praise due me with idols. However, in 1947 the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered. The Authority Of The Bible Is Unchanging As The Source Of Moral Conduct. Jesus’ teachings about authority appear in all four Gospels (which means it must have been repeated over and over). Thus character is the primary thing in authority, because godly character commands respect and a man with respect has authority. We have seen that Jesus, being God incarnate, affirms the inspiration of the Bible. If one proposition is known to be true, its opposite must be false. But, there is also a secondary aspect of authority, namely, the authority of position or office. The events of His life have been recorded in the four Gospels, which have proven to be historically accurate and written by first century eyewitnesses. The Bible is being sold today in the languages of 97% of the world’s population and is being read in almost every country and island on earth. But denominationalism is an intolerable scandal by scriptural standardssee John 17:20-23 and 1 Corinthians 1:10-17 . The law of non-contradiction states that two contradictory statements cannot be true at the same time. Jesus directly affirmed the authority of the Old Testament and indirectly affirmed the New Testament. However, this places the church in authority over the Bible, for if the church determines what is canon, then the church has final authority. You will find a copy of the Bible helpful as a textbook for use with this course. Me! The Bible The Christian holy book is the Bible and this is the most important source of authority for Christians, as it contains the teachings of God and Jesus Christ. Leah: The Woman No Man Loved But Every Woman Envied (Gen. 29:15-35). The Bible claims to be the only book that is divinely inspired and that all other claims of inspiration from other works should be ruled out. A Muslim leader once asked, “Would God punish a man for failing to understand Bible doctrines?” The answer is, “No, we are not punished because we cannot understand the mysteries of the Bible, but for unbelief—for refusing to believe what God has said.” The prophets themselves were unable to understand the great truths they taught, so obviously many aspects of Divine revelation are beyond the limitations of our minds. This unique narrative begins in the undated past, and records how God the Almighty Creator prepared the world, stage-by-stage, to be a home for mankind. The biblical authors made hundreds of specific prophecies of future events that have come to pass in the manner they were predicted. Before they begin to occur, I reveal them to you.” (Isaiah 42:8-9). In the exercise of … In 333 B.C., however, Alexander the Great laid siege to Tyre. All people are created in the image of God and can articulate principles that are true. Who is like me? Here are a few examples of the historical accuracy of the Bible. People who believe in Sola Scriptura will frequently make the statement that the Bible alone is the highest authority over men. Yes, I have decreed, yes, I will bring it to pass; I have formulated a plan, yes, I will carry it out” (Isaiah 46:9-11). . If it is true that I am presently alive, it cannot also be true to say that I am presently not alive. In Galatians chapters 1-2, Paul explains that he took two different trips to Jerusalem to see the Jerusalem apostles. Third, it was written in many different places. Article contributed by Probe Ministries There are nearly one hundred prophecies made about Jesus in the Old Testament, prophecies such as His place of birth, how he would die, His rejection by the nation of Israel, and so on. These holy prophets received direct revelations from God and recorded them at His command. The Bible makes exclusive claims regarding God, truth and salvation that would exclude other scriptures. Probably because that would turn out badly, but Jesus Himself has “all authority,” not we, and His authority extends into the dark spiritual kingdom of Satan. The book of Acts, which records the miracles of the apostles, has also proven to be a historically accurate record written by a first century eyewitness. “Produce your evidence,” says Jacob’s king. Answers in Genesis speakers have often said this. “Let them produce evidence! There are large sections of the Bible which contain history and poetry. God is eternal, and we are mortal. Roman historians have long taken it for granted."{9. It teaches us the truth about God and states the kind of moral conduct God requires of us. The Bible is the only inspired, inerrant, infallible, clear, and sufficient standard for their faith and life. Thus, God spoke directly to His prophets from time to time throughout the entire period of Israel’s national existence commencing with Moses and ending with Malachi. Thus, our first topic for study is the basis for this belief. It was given in two main ways, first by direct revelation (by which the actual words of God are recorded by the prophets): second by inspiration (by which the Holy Spirit guided the prophets as they wrote and thus the prophets wrote Divine Truth). The Bible makes exclusive claims regarding God, truth and salvation that would exclude other scriptures. Romans 13:1-2 – “Let every person be subject to the governing authorities. This Book tells of the ways in which God revealed Himself to mankind over a period of several thousand years. The great ancient city of Tyre to this day lies buried in ruins exactly as prophesied. What does the Bible say about submitting to authority? Second, it was written by more than forty men from every walk of life. The Bible is history, but history strikingly different from ordinary history. Another line of evidence is archaeology. Does the Bible promote or prohibit praying to angels? When all was ready, God created man. Hopefully, the man who fills … Many popular religions are based entirely on human ideas and thus are merely theories or philosophies. This is why we invite you to commence this study with us. When The Sun Finally Rises: Wrestling With The Past (Gen. 32:22-32), 2. Our Lord said, “The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them, and those in … The Bible is the only book that gives supernatural confirmation to support its claim of divine inspiration. He thus demonstrated His affirmation of the Old Testament to be the Word of God. His authority came from Jesus. Frank E. Gaebelein (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1986), 869.3. Any attempt to reject its basic historicity must now appear absurd. About 2500 years ago, God spoke through the prophet Isaiah and challenged unbelievers to apply a very practical test. These two short paragraphs give a definition of the Christian concept of the inspiration of Scripture. Consider these facts. 4. It is foolish for a man to reject a revelation because it does not fit in with the local circumstances of his short life span. Christianity is based on the Bible which Christians accept as their final authority because they believe it to be inspired by God. The New Testament covers a relatively short period from the birth of Jesus to the death of the Apostles. Middle Eastern archaeological investigations have proven the Bible to be true and unerringly accurate in its historical descriptions. And regard the patience of our Lord as salvation, just as also our dear brother Paul wrote to you, according to the wisdom given to him (2 Peter 3:15). William F. Albright, Archaeology and the Religion of Israel (Baltimore: John Hopkins, 1953), 176.6. This is a hard teaching for many, as the Bible would seem to indemnify those who rule or preside over others in a cruel and unjust manner. Paul must send this reminder because the church at Ephesus, where Timothy has been left to continue the work of ministry, is beset by false teaching (see 1:3). by Ryan TurnerThough Paul did not walk with Jesus while he was on this earth, he did receive approval from the followers of Jesus. (Elwell, p154) It is true that man wrote the Bible itself, but God inspired the words that those men were writing. The Vedas are polytheistic, and the Upanishads present a pantheistic worldview of an impersonal divine essence called Brahma, not a personal God. Perhaps the most widely-quoted and well-known verse regarding this matter comes from Romans 13. Tell us about your earlier predictive oracles, so we may examine them and see how they were fulfilled. You could look up the following references by way of example: God spoke to Moses (Exodus 3:4), about 1500 B.C. Jesus confirmed the Old Testament and promised that the Holy Spirit would inspire the apostles in the continuation of His teaching and in the writing of what would become the New Testament (John 14:25-26 and John 16:12-13). All these prophecies were made hundreds of years before Jesus ever came to earth. The bottom line is that God expects you to respect him and his choices. If we put all these factors together—the Bible was written over fifteen hundred years by forty different authors at different places, under various circumstances, and addressing a multitude of issues—how amazing that with such diversity, the Bible proclaims a unified message! Here's another example. When we read the Bible seriously and ask God to speak to our hearts through its inspired teachings, we begin to realize that God does indeed speak to men with Divine authority through His Word, the Bible. It is good that God runs the universe and you and I don't. Predictions were fulfilled in some cases hundreds of years after they were made, and so the prophets did not live long enough to see the fulfillment of their own words. It means trusting God to provide the answers to the big questions in life, such as where right and wrong comes from. There is no other ancient book that has so much archaeological evidence to support its accounts. The writers address numerous controversial subjects yet contradictions never appear. This problem is partly explained by our next point. However, only the Bible proves to be divinely inspired by God and therefore, other claims of divine inspiration should be ruled out for several reasons. Nelson Glueck, Rivers in the Desert: A History of the Negev (New York: Farrar, Strauss, and Cudahy, 1959), 31. Matthew 4:8-9. It is found in the following verses. The apostles demonstrated that they came with the authority of God through the miracles they performed as Jesus and the Prophets did before them. God spoke to Jeremiah (Jeremiah 1:2), about 600 B.C. Let us examine these two aspects of the Divine origin of the Bible. But the Bible goes further than that. What legitimate authority does Satan have over this world? When The Sun Finally Rises: Wrestling With The Past (Gen. 32:22-32), 2. . It is this unique explanation of the moral and spiritual factors behind the historical narrative, which makes the Bible so relevant to us today. This test can be applied to thousands of predictions in the Bible leading to the conclusion that God has spoken. We see this in the verse we began with, 2 Timothy 3:16-17. It also teaches salvation by works and the doctrine of reincarnation. For a prediction to be fulfilled in the way and in the time foretold by the prophet is proof that God spoke through the prophet. The Bible is unique! Ibid., 152-53.8. Please read them carefully: “Present your argument,” says the Lord. Answer: "Have confidence in your leaders and submit to their authority, because they keep watch over you as those who must give an account. Nelson Glueck, a renowned Jewish archaeologist, states, "No archaeological discovery has ever controverted a biblical reference. Yes, do something good or bad, so we might be frightened and in awe. For this reason, our study of the Bible cannot be treated simply as an academic exercise! Suppose ten medical students graduating in the same year from medical school wrote position papers on four controversial subjects. Jesus claimed to be the divine Son of God and confirmed His claims through His sinless, miraculous life and resurrection. Many religious books claim to be divinely inspired, but only the Bible has evidence of supernatural confirmation. Higher even, than the Bible. Question: "Does the Bible give any one individual spiritual authority over another individual?" Probe's Patrick Zukeran explores why the Bible is the Word of God by examining Internal evidence (self-proclamation, the Holy Spirit, transforming ability, and unity) and external evidence (indestructibility, archeology, prophecy). The Bible is the only book with supernatural confirmation to support its claim of divine inspiration. "{8 A. N. Sherwin-White states, "For Acts the confirmation of historicity is overwhelming. For … In the Gospel of Luke and Acts, "Luke names thirty-two countries, fifty-four cities, and nine islands without error. “The authority by which the Christian leader leads is not power but love, not force but example, not coercion but reasoned persuasion. Or decree for us some future events! Because the Bible is given by inspiration of God it is profitable. Authority has shifted from the Bible, which is that God expects you to commence this with... The historical accuracy of Bible history and supports the claim that the Bible is the basis this. 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