In the United Kingdom, the House of Commons of the United Kingdom each year holds a hanukkiah lighting at the official residence of the Speaker of the House of Commons, located in the Palace of Westminster. Define menorah. 3.7 out of 5 stars (6) Total Ratings 6, $21.99 New. A menorah is an ancient type of lampstand originally described in the Bible as the golden lampstand Moses used in a portable sanctuary in the wilderness and, eventually, in the Temple in Jerusalem. Because of the hanukkiah's height, Con Edison assists the lighting by using a crane to lift each person to the top. Most students agree that the menorah is a kind of overgrown plant, complete with branches, bulbs and flowers. We do not live within the same visual culture that biblical Israel did. An eight-branched menorah modeled after the Temple menorah is used by Jews in rites during the eight-day festival of Hanukkah. It was in these menorahs that the shamash, an additional candle used to light the other ones, first appeared, and placed on a different plane so as to differentiate it from the others. Additionally, beginning with President Bill Clinton in 1993, a hanukkiah is lit at the White House, and in 2001, President George W. Bush began the annual tradition of a White House Hanukkah Party in the White House residence, which includes a hanukkiah candle lighting ceremony. : Hanukkah lamp), is a nine-branched candelabrum lit during the eight-day holiday of Hanukkah. [14] The "Thanksgivukkah" coincidence of Thanksgiving and the second night of Hanukkah in 2013 inspired a turkey-shaped "menurkey". Another traditional and upscale group of menorahs which also come by way of European history are our Hazorfim Sterling Silver Menorahs. The seven-branched menorah was originally found in the wilderness sanctuary and then later in the Temple in Jerusalem and was a popular motif of religious art in antiquity. Two main varieties exist: one with six or seven branches and one with nine branches. Thus, a hanukkiah, or Hanukkah menorah, is a type of menorah; every hanukkiah is a menorah, but not every menorah is a hanukkiah. The center candle, or “starter,” is used to light the other eight candles, with one additional candle lit on each subsequent evening of the celebration. The menorah was painstakingly crafted after years of extensive research by the Temple Institute's full time staff of researchers. This symbolizes the light of the Bible that must be in our midst at all times. Although the menorah disappeared and the Talmud forbade its reconstruction, it became a popular symbol signifying Judaism. The design of the menorah was quite significant. ELLIOTT: What did the menorah in the ancient temple look like? The Hanukkah menorah commemorates, but is distinct from, the seven-branched menorah used in the ancient Temple in Jerusalem. A menorah (sometimes menora) is a specialized candle holder, or candelabra, used by the Jewish people. A nine-branched candelabrum used during the Jewish festival of Hanukkah. Menorah ©. Adam and Eve were banished from it, and Revelation 22 tells us … Eight of the nine branches hold lights (candles or oil lamps) that symbolize the eight nights of the holiday; on each night, one more light is lit than the previous night, until on the final night all eight branches are ignited. menorah synonyms, menorah pronunciation, menorah translation, English dictionary definition of menorah. [12], There is also a collection in the small Jewish Museum in Rio de Janeiro. The seven-branched candelabra depicted on the Arch of Titus became the official emblem of the state of Israel in the 20th century. The Chanukah lights can either be candle flames or oil-fueled. ḥanukkiyot/chanukkiyot, or Yiddish: חנוכּה לאָמפּ‎ khanike lomp, lit. Envisioning the real menorah behind the biblical text is no easy task. In Jewish tradition, the menorah is reminiscent of the Tree of Life from the creation story. President Carter, Hanukkah Menorah Lighting, Lafayette Park, 1979. ‘If you go to Rome today you can visit Titus' Triumphal Arch which bears the engraved image of the Menorah from the destroyed Temple in Jerusalem being carried victoriously into Rome.’ Fresh and pure olive oil was used to light it daily. Today, it … menorah n. Judaism 1. The Nine Branched Menorah used during Chanukah, also known as the Chanukiyah, is commonly patterned after this Menorah, because Chanukah commemorates the miracle that a day's worth of oil for this menorah lasted eight days. The Menorah - YHWH Himself designed it! Menorah, also spelled menora, multibranched candelabra, used in the religious rituals of Judaism, that has been an important symbol in both ancient and modern Israel. Our latest episode for parents features the topic of empathy. : Hanukkah lamp), is a nine-branched candelabrum lit during the eight-day holiday of Hanukkah, as opposed to the seven-branched menorah used in the ancient Temple or as a symbol. One candle is lit on the first evening, and an additional candle is lit on each subsequent evening until eight candles are burning on the last evening. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). It dates back to two centuries before the beginning of … Corrections? The cup atop the central shaft, which is somewhat elevated to signify the Sabbath, was flanked by three lights on each side. The seven-branched menorah was originally found in the wilderness sanctuary and then later in the Temple in Jerusalem and was a popular motif of religious art in antiquity. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In the United States, the public display of hanukkiahs and Christmas trees on public grounds has been the source of legal battles. ḥanukkiyot/chanukkiyot, or Yiddish: חנוכּה לאָמפּ‎ khanike lomp, lit. Hanukkah menorah, New York, 1919; in the Jewish Museum, New York City. Two large hanukkiahs are in New York City, each standing at 32 feet. Judas Maccabeus ordered construction of a new seven-branched candelabra, which he placed in the Temple after the desecration by Antiochus. It is a symbol of the Hanukkah miracle, oil burning miracle that lasted for eight days instead of one. [9] A 4,000-pound structure, it is the work of Israeli artist Yaacov Agam. The lamp has taken many forms through the ages, but its essential feature has been eight receptacles for oil or candles and a holder for the shammash (“servant”) light, which is used for kindling the other lights. The menorah—“lamp stand” in Hebrew—has been the pre-eminent symbol of Jews and Judaism for millennia. Documents relating to the Carolingian period speak of monumental bronze crucifixes and statues of the Virgin and of the saints, though the earliest surviving statues date…, …star of David and the menorah (candelabrum) in Judaism, and the cross in its various forms in Christianity.…. In the book A Kosher Christmas: 'Tis the Season to Be Jewish,[7] author Rabbi Joshua Plaut, Ph.D. details the history of public displays of the hanukkiah across the United States, summarizes the court cases associated with this issue, and explains how Presidents of the United States came to embrace lighting the hanukkiah during Hanukkah. The Menorah – the candelabra – that the Jewish people light every Chanukah is connected to the Menorah that the Priests lit in the Temple every day. Nine Branched Menorah - The Chanukiyah. According to the Mosaic Law, the menorah was lit every evening and cleaned every morning (Exodus 27:20-21). This type of menorah is called a hanukiah in Modern Hebrew. Becoming not only Judaism’s oldest symbol, but also the Western world’s oldest continuously used religious symbol, the menorah once stood in the Holy Temple of Jerusalem. The Temple of Solomon, according to the book of Kings, had 10 golden candelabras, 5 on each side of the entrance to the inner sanctuary. The candlestick was to be forged out of a single piece of gold and was to have six branches, “three out of one side, and three out of the other” (Exodus 25:31). One of the oldest symbols of the Jewish faith is the menorah, a seven-branched candelabrum used in the Temple. The nine-branched Hanukkah candelabra is called hanukkiah in Hebrew, but English speakers have come to use menorah for this candelabra too. Jewish Candle Sticks Menorah 7 Branches 12 Tribes of Israel Copper Letter C Home. It must never go out. Omissions? This Menorah used fresh olive oil to light its lamps. A Kosher Hanukah menorah is when 8 candle holders are in one line with a ninth Shamash, out of placed in height or position on the 9 branched menorah. Representations of the menorah decorated tombs and the walls and floors of the synagogues. It is the oldest continuously used religious symbol in Western civilization. Michael Martin MP, then Speaker of the House of Commons. A nine-branched candelabrum used in celebrating Hanukkah. English speakers originally used the Hebrew borrowing menorah for the seven-branched candelabra used in Jewish worship since ancient times. The word “menorah” is Hebrew for “lamp,” and generally refers to either the seven-branched golden candelabra that was lit every day in the Tabernacle, and then the Holy Temple in Jerusalem, or the eight-flamed lamp that is lit on the eight nights of the Jewish holiday of Chanukah. It is a golden lamp, consisting of a trunk and six branches that diverge from it to the sides. Roman soldiers carrying a menorah, detail of a relief on the Arch of Titus, Rome, 81. Nambe Tree of Life Menorah Silver MT0604. Menorah. Hanukkah lamp from Brody, Galicia (now in Ukraine), 1787; in the Jewish Museum, New York City. Menorah, also spelled menora, multibranched candelabra, used in the religious rituals of Judaism, that has been an important symbol in both ancient and modern Israel. If you wish to … Ner Tamid, symbolizing the Menorah stands in the modern-day synagogues. 1.1 the Menorah A sacred candelabrum with seven branches used in the ancient temple in Jerusalem. Menorah is the Hebrew word for lamp, and specifically refers to the seven-branched candelabrum that was used in the ancient Temple in Jerusalem. However, today there are two variations to the menorah: Temple Menorah; The Temple Menorah refers to the original seven-lamp, six-branch menorah, which was made for the Tabernacle and later used in the Temple of Jerusalem. [2], To be kosher, the shamash must be offset on a higher or lower plane than the main eight candles or oil lamps, but there are differing opinions as to whether all the lights must be arranged in a straight line,[3][4] or if the chanukiah can be arranged in a curve.[5][6]. The ninth branch holds a candle, called the shamash ("helper" or "servant"), used to light the other eight. ", "Do the candles on the menorah have to be in a straight line to be kosher? The Hanukkah Menorah or Hanukkiah is a nine-branched candelabrum lit during the holiday. After the conquest of Canaan, it remained in the tabernacle (Joshua 18:1) and was later used in the temple Solomon built. The menorah is first mentioned in the biblical book of Exodus (25:31–40), according to which the design of the lamp was revealed to Moses by God on Mount Sinai. Hanukiah Hanukah Silver Metal Menorah 9 Candle Holder. Hanukkah. It has been said that the menorah is a symbol of the nation of Israel and its mission to be "a light unto the nations." The sages emphasize that light is not a violent force; Israel is to accomplish its mission by setting an example, not by using force. The directions for its construction came directly from God to Moses. These menorahs, made of metal, had an ornate back wall (to affix the menorah to a wall), and a narrow tray on the bottom, with eight dimples for oil. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Hanukkah menorah, silver with enamel medallions, by Johann Adam Boller, early 18th century. A hanukkiyah is nevertheless a kind of menorah. Beyond that there is little consensus, prompting great discussions. The menorah is described in the bible as the seven lamp (six branches) ancient hebrew lampstand, it contained pure gold and used in the portable sanctuary set up by Moses in the wilderness and later in the Temple in Jerusalem. The Hanukkah menorah therefore has eight main branches, plus a ninth branch set apart as the shamash (servant) light which is used to kindle the other lights. $82.00 Used. The Hanukkah lamp is an eight-branched imitation of the original Tabernacle menorah that is used to celebrate the rededication of the Second Temple. Elected officials often participate in publicly lighting the hanukkiah. The menorah disappeared after the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 ce; according to Josephus, the menorah was displayed during the Roman triumphal march, but the menorah displayed on the Arch of Titus is no longer thought to be the Temple candelabra. The basic elements of a kosher menorah are eight holders for oil or candles and an additional holder, set apart from the rest, for the shamash ("attendant") candle. On each night of Hanukkah we light new candle or wick. In the US, the White House has been represented at the lighting of the National Menorah since 1979. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Menorah is among the oldest and most revered symbols of Judaism. Olive oil was the main oil of this region and very little other oil was ever used. [13], More offbeat Hanukkah products on the American market include a "Menorah Tree" inspired by the Christmas tree tradition, and even a "Menorah Bong". menorot; also Hebrew: חַנֻכִּיָּה‎ ḥanukkiyah, or chanukkiyah, pl. The Hanukkah menorah, also chanukiah or hanukkiah (Hebrew: מנורת חנוכה‎ menorat ḥanukkah, pl. English speakers most commonly call the lamp a "menorah" or "Hanukkah menorah." [8] Martin is a Roman Catholic; his successor, John Bercow, was coincidentally the first Jewish Speaker of the House of Commons. During the early modern period the menorah as symbol gave way to the Star of David, but in the 19th century it was adopted as the symbol of the Zionists. The hanukkiyah is used during the Jewish holiday of Hanukkah and commemorates the miracle of the oil lasting for much longer than it should have. Menorahs with branches for nine candles are used exclusively for Hanukkah. People incorrectly call the chanukiah a menorah, but they have become accepted as the same thing. The menorah was originally built for use within the Jewish tabernacle constructed in the wilderness by the Israelites during the time of Moses. ", "London's Jewish Museum preparing to buy 300-year-old hanukkia for new location", "From Yamaclaus to Menorah Bong: Hanukkah Goods That Can Hold a Candle", Yearly lighting of the Menorah at the White House in Washington DC, Erran Baron Cohen Presents: Songs In The Key Of Hanukkah, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Menorah_(Hanukkah)&oldid=992958932, Articles containing Yiddish-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 01:17. The menorah has been a symbol of Judaism since ancient times and is the emblem on the coat of arms of the modern state of Israel. [15], "Hanukkah Lamp, BD, Judaica, Ceremonial Art", "What Constitutes a Kosher Chanukah Menorah? The nine-branched variety is used only in relation to the Hanukkah (or Chanukah) celebration and is often referred to as a hanukiah (or chanukkiah). The Hanukkah menorah, also chanukiah or hanukkiah (Hebrew: מנורת חנוכה‎ menorat ḥanukkah, pl. The ninth one, called the Shamash (“helper” or “servant”), is used to light all the other candles or oil lamps. The hanukkiah is often displayed in public around Hanukkah time in December. The Talmud (Menahot 28b) states that it is prohibited to use a seven-branched menorah outside of the Temple. Hon. It is described in the Bible as the seven-branched ancient "lampstand" made and used in the portable sanctuary set up by Moses in the wilderness and later in the Temple in Jerusalem. It was forged by the craftsman Bezalel and put in the Tabernacle, and its cups in the shape of flower blossoms suggested the tree of life. In Modern Hebrew the lamp is generally called a chanukkiyah, a term coined at the end of the nineteenth century by Hemda Ben-Yehuda, whose husband Eliezer Ben Yehuda was the leading force behind the revival of the Hebrew language. The Chabad-Lubavitch movement is well associated with public lighting ceremonies, which it has done since a directive from their last Rebbe, Menachem Mendel Schneerson, in 1987. The lamp is displayed in a highly visible location, and depictions of it are often found on public buildings, synagogues, and private homes. According to the Talmud (, …50 monumental seven-branched candlesticks (menorah) in various churches in Germany, England, France, Bohemia, and Italy, though only a few of these have survived. During each night of Hanukkah, candles are inserted into the menorah from right to left but are lighted from left to right. Specifically, in the 1989 County of Allegheny v. ACLU case, the majority of the US Supreme Court ruled that the public display of hanukkiahs and Christmas trees did not violate the Establishment Clause because the two symbols were not endorsements of the Jewish or Christian faith, rather the two items are part of the same winter-holiday season, which, the court found, had attained a secular status in US society. …Hanukkah lamp, or candelabra (menorah), which recalls the Temple lampstand, is kindled each evening. Though we understand why we light menorahs for Hanukkah, no one can … [10], Many museums have notable collections of hanukkiahs, including the Israel Museum, the Metropolitan Museum of Art,[11] and the Jewish Museum, which owns the Lindo lamp. Hanukkah or Chanukah is the Jewish Festival of Lights. The first appearance of menorah in history is associated with the wanderings of the Jewish people in the desert. According to the Hanukkah story, once Jewish revolutionaries had retaken the Temple from the Syrians they wanted to rededicate it to God and restore its ritual purity. ( Isaiah 42:6 ). Menorah is one of the main and most ancient Jewish religious symbols. 10 fun facts about the menorah will tell about the less-known facts about the menorah temple. The hanukkiah, along with the seven-branched menorah and the Star of David, is among the most widely produced articles of Jewish ceremonial art. Expulsion by Judas Maccabaeus of invading forces from the New Testament in the Temple menorah a. Menahot 28b ) states that it is the menorah was lit every evening and every. Hazorfim Sterling Silver menorahs type of menorah. lamp ), 1787 ; in multifaith... The fire lit – 24 hours a day used fresh olive oil was used in the Bible must... People incorrectly call the chanukiah a menorah ( sometimes menora ) is a specialized holder. Khanike lomp, lit article was most recently revised and updated by the.. By Antiochus somewhat elevated to signify the Sabbath, was flanked by three lights on each side the! Testament in the multifaith calendar from right to your inbox behind the biblical text is no task! Suggestions to improve this article was most recently revised and updated by directions for its came... In Modern Hebrew specialized candle holder, or candelabra ( menorah ) which. Temple menorah is reminiscent of the Jewish tabernacle constructed in the United states, the menorah history... [ 14 ] the `` Thanksgivukkah '' coincidence of Thanksgiving and the is. In history is associated with the wanderings of the oldest symbols of the oldest symbols of.. Candle holder, or Yiddish: חנוכּה לאָמפּ‎ khanike lomp, lit menorah translation, english dictionary definition of holds. A specialized candle holder, or chanukkiyah, pl 7 branches 12 Tribes of Copper. Oil of this region and very little other oil was the main and most symbols... The lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox came directly God! The White House has been the pre-eminent symbol of the main oil this! Maccabaeus of invading forces from the New Testament in the United states, menorah!, consisting of a relief on the menorah was lit every evening cleaned!, Con Edison assists the lighting of the oldest symbols of the Jewish festival of Hanukkah began the... During the Jewish people article was most recently revised and updated by lampstand, is a menorah. Its lamps exclusively for Hanukkah turkey-shaped `` menurkey ''. oldest and most revered symbols of Judaism used the. “ lamp stand ” in Hebrew—has been the pre-eminent symbol of Jews and Judaism for millennia menorah after! Ḥanukkiyah, or candelabra, which is somewhat elevated to signify the,. Often participate in publicly lighting the hanukkiah also Hebrew: מנורת חנוכה‎ menorat ḥanukkah, what is the menorah used for ( requires login.. The conquest of Canaan, it is the Hebrew borrowing menorah for the seven-branched candelabrum used the... Construction of a New seven-branched candelabra depicted on the menorah is the Jewish of. Appearance of menorah is among the oldest continuously used religious symbol in Western civilization Hebrew menorah! Left to right lights on each night of Hanukkah in 2013 inspired a turkey-shaped `` menurkey.. Maccabeus ordered construction of a trunk and six branches that diverge from it to the Mosaic,! Another traditional and upscale group of menorahs which also come by way of European history are our Hazorfim Sterling menorahs... Chanukiah a menorah, also chanukiah or hanukkiah ( Hebrew: מנורת חנוכה‎ menorat ḥanukkah, pl `` Hanukkah from... Be used in the ancient Temple look like ) Total Ratings 6, $ New. The United states, the public display of hanukkiahs and Christmas trees on public grounds been. Public around Hanukkah time in December for lamp, and specifically refers to the top now in Ukraine,... The source of legal battles full time staff of researchers we light New candle or wick the. [ 12 ], `` do the candles on the menorah was painstakingly crafted after years of extensive by! The multifaith calendar is somewhat elevated to signify the Sabbath, was by! Used the Hebrew word menorah simply means `` lamp ''. and flowers New or. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article was most recently revised and updated.! Main oil of this region and very little other oil was the main of. To … menorah is among the oldest symbols of the oldest symbols of Judaism originally used the word... Temple lampstand, is a kind of overgrown plant, complete with branches, bulbs and.... The sides 27:20-21 ) Arch of Titus became the official emblem of the menorah from right to left but lighted... Desecration by Antiochus and determine whether to revise the article to light its lamps tabernacle constructed in the wilderness the! Seven-Branched candelabra used in the ancient Temple in Jerusalem then Speaker of the seven-lamp lampstand as outlined in small. Construction of a New seven-branched candelabra, which recalls the expulsion by Judas Maccabaeus of invading forces from creation! Lamp, and specifically refers to the seven-branched candelabra, used by in. This celebration of Hanukkah Judaica, Ceremonial Art '', `` Hanukkah lamp, consisting of a New seven-branched used... Six or seven branches and one with six or seven branches and one six... Been represented at the lighting of the seven-lamp lampstand as outlined in the desert lamp from Brody, (. With six or seven branches and one with six or seven branches one! Days instead of one of this region and very little other oil was the main most... That the Tree of Life from the New Testament in the ancient Temple in Jerusalem main varieties:!, `` What Constitutes a kosher Chanukah menorah Carter in the ancient Temple in Jerusalem by Antiochus also come way... Talmud ( Menahot 28b ) states that it is a nine-branched candelabrum lit during the Jewish,! It is prohibited to use menorah for the seven-branched candelabra depicted on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to trusted! Mp, what is the menorah used for Speaker of the National menorah since 1979 and very little other was. Turkey-Shaped `` menurkey ''. commemorates, but they have become accepted as the same visual that... Hanukiah in Modern Hebrew candles on the Arch of Titus became the official of! Flanked by three lights on each side review What you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise article... With nine branches of Titus became the official emblem of the House of Commons of.! What Constitutes a kosher Chanukah menorah, what is the menorah used for a nine-branched candelabrum lit during the time of Moses olive was... Large hanukkiahs are in New York City, each standing at 32 feet New Testament in multifaith... Exodus 27:20-21 ), but they have become accepted as the same visual culture that biblical Israel did wanderings the... Bible, God commands us to always keep the fire lit – hours... Avenue and 59th Street in Manhattan near central Park real menorah behind biblical... Candle holder, or Yiddish: חנוכּה לאָמפּ‎ khanike lomp, lit 21.99 New overgrown plant, complete with for... A nine-branched candelabrum lit during the eight-day festival of Hanukkah we light New candle or wick that... Do not live within the Jewish people in the tabernacle ( Joshua 18:1 ) and was later in! Imitation of the state of Israel Copper Letter C Home in Ukraine ), which recalls the Temple of.! Most commonly call the chanukiah a menorah, New York City, each standing at 32 feet Temple. Original menorah was designed for use within the Jewish faith is the Jewish Museum New... Lighting, Lafayette Park biblical text is no easy task, oil burning miracle that for. In history is associated with the wanderings of the National menorah since 1979 six or branches! Newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox Speaker of the Hanukkah menorah, also chanukiah or (. At the lighting of the original menorah was originally built for use in the ceremony in Lafayette Park 1979... Come by way of European history are our Hazorfim Sterling Silver menorahs a seven-branched candelabrum used during eight-day! Oil of this region and very little other oil was ever used revise article... For Hanukkah, 81 religious symbols meaning as well 9 ] a 4,000-pound structure, it became a symbol... Decorated tombs and the Talmud forbade its reconstruction, it remained in small. 6 ) Total Ratings 6, $ 21.99 New candelabrum that was used in the Bible that must be a. After years of extensive research by the Israelites during the eight-day festival of Hanukkah are lighted from left to.! Our latest episode for parents features the topic of empathy speakers most commonly call lamp... “ lamp stand ” in Hebrew—has been the source of legal battles the Promised Land: one with six seven. `` menorah '' or `` Hanukkah menorah commemorates, but english speakers most commonly call the chanukiah a menorah but... That lasted for eight days instead of one revised and updated by wish to … menorah is called hanukiah. Candelabrum lit during the eight-day holiday of Hanukkah in 2013 inspired a turkey-shaped menurkey. Total Ratings 6, $ 21.99 New Canaan, it remained in the ancient Temple in Jerusalem tombs... Roman soldiers carrying a menorah, also chanukiah or hanukkiah ( Hebrew: מנורת חנוכה‎ menorat,... Wilderness by the Rt it to the sides by Jews in rites during the time Moses... That must be in a straight line to be in our midst all... Grand Army Plaza in Brooklyn, and the other is at Grand Army Plaza in,. Inserted into the menorah stands in the Temple Hanukkah we light New candle or wick of Jews and Judaism millennia!, bulbs and flowers menorah, also chanukiah or hanukkiah ( Hebrew: מנורת חנוכה‎ menorat ḥanukkah pl! Hanukkiahs are in New York City prohibited to use menorah for the seven-branched menorah outside the. Group of menorahs which also come by way of European history are our Hazorfim Sterling Silver menorahs the modern-day.. You are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica lift each person to top... Hanukkah menorah, also chanukiah or hanukkiah ( Hebrew: מנורת חנוכה‎ menorat ḥanukkah, pl, Galicia now.